Roulette Game Variants | Rules and Tips For Winning in 2023
Updated At: Oct 11, 2023, 10:54 am
Created At: Oct 11, 2023, 10:52 am
Table of Contents
Introduction To Roulette Game Variants
Through all of the changes witnessed in the gambling world over the last two decades, especially since the advent of online casinos, roulette has remained a staple at any casino, online or offline. As a seasoned roulette player and iGaming insider, I've witnessed the tremendous growth of the online casino scene in the United States and how this has altered the much-loved classic roulette game. There used to be two main roulette variants: European and American roulette. Thanks to technological advances there are now various options, whether you prefer the traditional setup or enjoy the newer roulette-with-a-twist games, like Lightning Roulette. Roulette remains a perennial favorite. In this article, we'll delve into the popularity of various roulette variants in the US online casino scene. Our aim is to provide you with insights into the rules of different roulette games and offer valuable tips to enhance your gaming experience.
The Basics Of Roulette
What is Roulette?
Roulette is a popular casino game that involves a spinning wheel, a ball, and a betting table. Players place bets on where they think the ball will land when the wheel comes to a stop. The game offers various betting options, including wagering on specific numbers, colors, odd or even numbers, and more. That’s the game in a nutshell. What has made roulette such a fascinating, timeless casino classic though, are the endless nuances, strategies and varieties.
|18th Century||Roulette originated in France.|
|19th Century||The modern roulette wheel with 36 numbers and a single zero was developed in France.|
|19th Century||American roulette, featuring an additional double zero, emerged in the United States.|
|Late 20th Century||Online roulette became popular, allowing players to enjoy the game from their computers or mobile devices.|
|Ongoing||Various roulette variants, including European, American, and French roulette, have evolved, each with unique rules and house edges.|
|Present Day||Roulette is a globally recognized and widely enjoyed casino game, available in land-based casinos and online gambling platforms worldwide.|
How Does Roulette Work?
The roulette wheel is central to the game, typically divided into 37 or 38 numbered pockets, including a single zero (in European) or a double zero (in American). Numbers on the wheel are non-sequential and colored red or black. The zero(s) are usually green. The wheel is spun in one direction, while a small ball is spun in the opposite direction. The ball eventually settles into one of the pockets, determining the winning number.
The roulette table features a grid with various betting options, including individual numbers, groups of numbers, colors (red or black), odd or even numbers, and more. Players place their bets on the table, indicating their predictions for where the ball will land. The table layout corresponds to the wheel's numbers and colors, making it easy for players to place their bets.
Role of the Roulette Croupier:
The croupier, also known as the dealer, operates the roulette wheel and manages the game.
The croupier announces the start and end of betting, spins the wheel, releases the ball, and declares the winning number. In live dealer roulette, the croupier interacts with players, answers questions, and maintains the game's flow. In newer versions online like Real Deal Roulette, pre-recorded croupiers entertain players and operate the table.
Core Objective of the Game:
The primary objective of roulette is for players to predict where the ball will land on the roulette wheel. Players place bets on the roulette table, and the goal is to make accurate predictions about the winning number, color, or other specific outcomes. Successful bets are paid according to predetermined odds, and the game combines elements of chance and strategy for players to enjoy and potentially win.
Popular Roulette Game Variants
There are now many variants of roulette, and since online casinos took off in the early 2000s, variations in the game with features like Multipliers, Multi-Wheels and Auto Roulette, has given the online roulette game a new dimension. Here we will look at some of the most common roulette variants.
American Roulette is a classic favorite, known for its double-zero wheel, which distinguishes it from other variants. The game offers a slightly higher house edge due to the additional 00 pocket on the wheel. There are no advantages to players on American Roulette, as the odds are in the casino’s favor when compared to single 0 roulette variants.
Wheel and Numbers: The American Roulette wheel features 38 pockets, including numbers 1 through 36, a single zero (0), and a double zero (00). This double zero is a key difference from European and French Roulette.
Betting Options: Players can place a wide range of bets on the roulette table. These bets include inside bets (on specific numbers or small groups of numbers) and outside bets (on larger groups of numbers or characteristics like red or black).
House Edge: The house edge in American Roulette is higher compared to other variants due to the additional double zero. This extra pocket increases the odds in favor of the casino, impacting player returns.
Distinctive Bets: American Roulette offers a unique five-number bet (0, 00, 1, 2, and 3), which can be placed by putting chips on the intersection of the 0 and 1 or 00 and 3. This bet has a significant house edge and is generally avoided by experienced players.
The Impact of House Edge on Players
- Reduced Odds: The double zero increases the number of possible outcomes, making it more challenging for players to predict where the ball will land. This reduces the odds of winning compared to European or French Roulette.
- Higher Casino Advantage: The house edge in American Roulette typically hovers around 5.26%, whereas European Roulette has a lower house edge of about 2.70%. This means that, on average, players lose more money over time in American Roulette.
- Bankroll Management: Due to the higher house edge, players need to be more cautious with their bankroll. It's advisable to set strict limits and avoid prolonged play sessions to minimize losses.
- Strategic Considerations: Players often employ different strategies in American Roulette to counter the increased house edge. Strategies like the Martingale or Fibonacci may be used, but success is not guaranteed.
American Roulette Top Tip:
Consider the odds carefully and employ strategies like the Martingale system or Paroli to maximize your chances of winning.
European Roulette is the original roulette variation. To American roulette players, European roulette is a favorite because of its single-zero wheel, which lowers the house edge compared to the American version.
Wheel and Numbers: European Roulette features a wheel with 37 pockets, including numbers 1 through 36 and a single zero (0). This single zero distinguishes it from American Roulette, which has an additional double zero (00).
Betting Options: Players can place various bets on the roulette table, including inside bets (on specific numbers or small groups of numbers) and outside bets (on larger groups of numbers or characteristics like red or black).
House Edge: European Roulette offers better odds to players compared to American Roulette due to the absence of the double zero. The house edge is approximately 2.70%, making it more favorable for players.
La Partage and En Prison Rules: In some European Roulette variations, you'll find “La Partage” and “En Prison” rules. “La Partage” allows players to receive half their even-money bets back if the ball lands on zero. “En Prison” lets players reclaim their even-money bets or leave them for another spin if zero is hit.
The Impact of Lower House Edge (compared to American Roulette) on Players:
- Improved Odds: With a reduced house edge of approximately 2.70%, players have better chances of winning compared to American Roulette. It means that, on average, players lose less money over time.
- Bankroll Management: While the odds are more favorable, responsible bankroll management is still essential. Setting limits and managing bets helps players control their losses and maximize their chances of success.
- Strategic Play: European Roulette's lower house edge makes it an attractive choice for players who employ various betting strategies, such as the Martingale or Fibonacci systems, as they can be more effective in this variant.
- Long-Term Play: For players looking to enjoy roulette over extended sessions, European Roulette is often preferred because the reduced house edge means slower potential losses
European Roulette Top Tip: Focus on even-money bets like red/black or odd/even to increase your winning opportunities.
French Roulette is a very close cousin – some might even say sister – of the European version, featuring the single-zero wheel.It offers the popular “La Partage” rule, which refunds half of your even-money bet if the ball lands in the zero pocket.
Wheel and Numbers: The French Roulette wheel features 37 pockets, including numbers 1 through 36 and a single zero (0). Like European Roulette, it lacks the double zero present in American Roulette.
Betting Options: Players can place a variety of bets on the table, including inside bets (on specific numbers or small groups of numbers) and outside bets (on larger groups or characteristics like red or black).
La Partage and En Prison Rules: French Roulette often includes the “La Partage” and “En Prison” rules. “La Partage” allows players the chance to get back half of their even-money bets back if the ball lands on zero. “En Prison” allows players to reclaim even-money bets or leave them for another spin when zero is hit.
Call Bets: French Roulette offers the option for “Call Bets” or “Announced Bets,” allowing players to bet on specific groups of numbers without placing chips directly on them. These bets add an extra layer of complexity and excitement to the game.
Impact of House Edge and Advantages for Players on French Roulette
- Enhanced Odds: French Roulette boasts a favorable house edge, typically around 1.35%, making it one of the most player-friendly variations available. This means players have improved odds compared to American Roulette.
- Bankroll Management: While the odds are favorable, responsible bankroll management remains crucial. Setting limits and managing bets helps players maintain control over their gameplay.
- Strategy-Friendly: The lower house edge makes French Roulette an attractive choice for players who employ betting strategies such as the Martingale or Fibonacci systems, as they can be more effective in this variant.
- Longer Play: With its reduced house edge, French Roulette is an excellent choice for players seeking extended gameplay sessions, as losses tend to accumulate more slowly.
Tips: Utilize the “En Prison” rule to your advantage, as it provides a second chance for even-money bets if the ball lands on zero.
Mini Roulette is a compact variant with only 13 pockets (numbers 1-12 and a single zero). It's a faster-paced game, perfect for players seeking quick thrills. It has also become popular as an online casino roulette variant.
Wheel and Numbers: Mini-Roulette features a smaller wheel with only 13 pockets, numbered from 0 to 12. This compact wheel is a notable difference from traditional roulette variations.
Betting Options: Players can place bets on a reduced set of options due to the smaller wheel. Betting options include inside bets (on specific numbers or small groups of numbers) and outside bets (on characteristics like red or black).
House Edge: Mini-Roulette house edge is typically higher than that of other roulette variations due to the smaller wheel and the presence of a single zero. While it offers unique gameplay, this higher house edge impacts player returns.
Simplified Gameplay: Mini-Roulette is known for its simplicity and fast-paced gameplay. The reduced number of pockets leads to quicker outcomes, making it an attractive choice for players seeking a rapid roulette experience.
Impact of House Edge and Gameplay Experience on Mini Roulette
- Reduced Odds: The smaller wheel and single zero mean there are fewer possible outcomes, making it easier for players to predict where the ball will land. However, the higher house edge reduces overall player odds compared to other roulette variants.
- Fast Gameplay: Mini-Roulette's simplicity and quick rounds make it ideal for players looking for rapid-fire roulette action. Rounds conclude swiftly, allowing for an exciting and dynamic gaming experience.
- Bankroll Management: Due to the higher house edge, players should be cautious with their bankroll. Setting limits and managing bets is essential to minimize losses.
- Unique Appeal: Mini-Roulette's unique format appeals to players who prefer a simplified version of the game with faster outcomes and straightforward betting options.
Tips: Due to the limited betting options, manage your bankroll carefully and adopt a conservative betting strategy.
Multi-Wheel Roulette is a fascinating and innovative variant of the classic roulette game that adds an extra layer of excitement and complexity. In Multi-Wheel Roulette, players have the opportunity to place bets on multiple roulette wheels simultaneously, which means that each spin of the wheel can result in multiple outcomes. Here's how Multi-Wheel Roulette works and why it's attractive to players:
Multiple Wheels: The defining feature of Multi-Wheel Roulette is the presence of multiple roulette wheels. Players can bet on the outcomes of up to eight wheels simultaneously in a single game.
Betting Options: Players have access to the same betting options as in traditional roulette games, including inside bets (on specific numbers or small groups of numbers) and outside bets (on characteristics like red or black).
House Edge: The house edge in Multi-Wheel Roulette is similar to that of European Roulette since it usually employs European-style wheels with a single zero. This offers favorable odds compared to American Roulette.
Complex Betting Strategies: Multi-Wheel Roulette allows for complex betting strategies, as players can place bets on multiple wheels simultaneously. This adds an extra layer of strategy and excitement to the game.
Impact of Multiple Wheels and Player Advantages
- Enhanced Betting Strategies: The ability to bet on multiple wheels at once allows players to experiment with various betting strategies simultaneously. This can lead to more dynamic and strategic gameplay.
- Faster Rounds: While multiple wheels offer expanded betting possibilities, they also result in faster gameplay. Rounds conclude more quickly, making it suitable for players seeking a dynamic and rapid roulette experience.
- Variety and Customization: Players can choose how many wheels they want to activate, providing a high degree of customization to tailor the game to their preferences.
- Similar House Edge: The favorable house edge, similar to European Roulette, means that Multi-Wheel Roulette offers improved odds compared to American Roulette.
Multi-Wheel Roulette Top Tip: In Multi-Wheel Roulette, start with a single wheel to master your strategy before gradually adding more wheels for a dynamic gaming experience.
Live Dealer Lightning Roulette
Of all of the innovative new roulette variants, easily the most fascinating and exciting in Evolution Gaming’s Lightning Roulette. Giving players the chance to win 500X on any randomly selected number each spin, this cutting-edge roulette variant has rocked the iGaming world.
Lightning Rounds: The game features special “Lightning Rounds” where between one and five randomly selected numbers receive multipliers of up to 500x. This unique feature adds excitement and significant win potential.
Betting Options: Players can place a wide range of bets, similar to traditional roulette. Inside bets and outside bets are available, with the added anticipation of multipliers during Lightning Rounds.
Immersive Experience: Lightning Roulette offers an immersive gaming experience with high-quality video streaming and professional live dealers who interact with players throughout the game.
Lightning Roulette Top Tip: Embrace the excitement of Lightning Rounds but balance your bets between standard numbers and those with multipliers to maximize your winning potential.
Live Dealer Auto Roulette
Auto Roulette is another popular live dealer variant by Evolution Gaming, known for its streamlined and fast-paced gameplay:
Automated Wheels: Auto Roulette games feature automated wheels without a live dealer. This results in faster rounds and continuous gameplay.
Betting Options: Players can place various bets as in traditional roulette, including inside and outside bets. The absence of a live dealer does not compromise the range of available betting options.
Speed and Efficiency: Auto Roulette is designed for players who prefer quick and efficient gameplay. Rounds conclude swiftly, allowing for a rapid roulette experience.
Consistent Gameplay: The absence of a live dealer ensures consistency in the game's pace and outcomes, making it suitable for players who appreciate predictability.
Auto Roulette Top Tip: Utilize the fast-paced nature of Auto Roulette to test betting strategies efficiently, focusing on rapid decision-making and bankroll management.
Tips For Playing Roulette Variants
Martingale Betting Strategy
Martingale is a simple and popular betting strategy where you double your bet after each loss. The aim is to recover previous losses and make a profit equal to your initial wager. Martingale can be effective in the short term, as it can help recoup losses quickly. However, it carries a high risk of significant and unsustainable losses if a losing streak persists. The primary risk of Martingale is the potential for large losses. If you encounter a series of losses, your bets can escalate rapidly, exceeding your bankroll limits. There's no guarantee of winning to recover losses, making it a risky strategy.
Fibonacci Betting Strategy
The Fibonacci betting strategy is based on the Fibonacci sequence. You start with the first two numbers (usually 1 and 1) and add them to determine the next bet. The idea is to progress through the sequence until you win. Fibonacci can be a more moderate strategy compared to Martingale. It helps manage losses more gradually, but it's not foolproof and won't always lead to profit. While the Fibonacci strategy can reduce the risk of rapid losses, it doesn't guarantee profits. Extended losing streaks can still deplete your bankroll, and it relies on the assumption that wins will eventually occur.
Labouchere Betting Strategy
The Labouchere strategy involves creating a sequence of numbers representing desired profit. You bet the sum of the first and last numbers in the sequence and cross them off upon winning. If you lose, you add the amount to the end of the sequence. Labouchere offers more flexibility and control over betting compared to Martingale. It can help manage losses and achieve profit goals over time. While Labouchere is less aggressive, it's not without risks. A particularly long or unsuccessful sequence can still result in significant losses. Players need discipline to effectively manage their sequences.
You will hear this piece of advice a lot at Play Casino Advisor, because it rings true on pretty much all gambling games. Managing your funds while playing roulette is crucial to ensure a more enjoyable and responsible gaming experience. To minimize risk, it's essential to adopt optimal bet sizes and follow a disciplined approach to money management. Here are some straightforward guidelines to help you make informed decisions while playing roulette.
- Set a Budget: Determine how much money you are willing to spend on roulette and stick to that budget. Never gamble with money you cannot afford to lose.
- Bankroll Management: Divide your budget into smaller units, and consider each unit as a session. For instance, if you have $500, you might use $50 as your unit for ten sessions.
- Optimal Bet Sizes: To minimize risk, consider betting no more than 1-2% of your total bankroll per spin. For example, if your bankroll is $500, limit your bets to $5-$10 per spin.
- Spread Your Bets: Avoid placing all your chips on a single number or bet type. Diversify your bets across different numbers and bet types to spread risk.
- Use Betting Strategies Wisely: If you choose to use a betting strategy like Martingale or Fibonacci, be cautious and set strict limits on how much you're willing to increase your bets after losses.
- Quit While Ahead: If you have a winning streak and reach a predetermined profit goal, consider quitting the session to lock in your winnings.
- Loss Limits: Set a limit for how much you're willing to lose in a session. If you reach that limit, stop playing and walk away.
- Emotional Control: Avoid chasing losses by increasing your bets impulsively. Stick to your planned betting strategy and emotional discipline.
- Record Keeping: Keep a record of your wins, losses, and bets. This helps you track your performance and make informed decisions.
- Choose the Right Table: Select a roulette table with betting limits that match your bankroll. Playing at tables with minimum bets that are too high can deplete your funds quickly.
Understanding Odds and Payouts
In roulette, the odds associated with different bets determine the potential payouts. Roulette odds are very similar across variants. Here, we'll break down the odds for common roulette bets and provide a table of typical payouts.
Roulette Bet Odds and Payouts:
Straight-Up Bet (Betting on a single number):
- Odds of Winning: 1 in 37 (European) or 1 in 38 (American).
- Payout: 35 to 1.
Split Bet (Betting on two adjacent numbers):
- Odds of Winning: 2 in 37 (European) or 2 in 38 (American).
- Payout: 17 to 1.
Street Bet (Betting on a row of three numbers):
- Odds of Winning: 3 in 37 (European) or 3 in 38 (American).
- Payout: 11 to 1.
Corner Bet (Betting on a group of four numbers):
- Odds of Winning: 4 in 37 (European) or 4 in 38 (American).
- Payout: 8 to 1.
Line Bet (Betting on two adjacent rows, totaling six numbers):
- Odds of Winning: 6 in 37 (European) or 6 in 38 (American).
- Payout: 5 to 1.
Column Bet (Betting on one of the three columns of numbers):
- Odds of Winning: 12 in 37 (European) or 12 in 38 (American).
- Payout: 2 to 1.
Dozen Bet (Betting on a set of 12 numbers, 1-12, 13-24, or 25-36):
- Odds of Winning: 12 in 37 (European) or 12 in 38 (American).
- Payout: 2 to 1.
Even-Money Bet (Betting on Red/Black, Odd/Even, or 1-18/19-36):
- Odds of Winning: Almost 50% in European and American (slightly lower due to the presence of the zero or double zero).
- Payout: 1 to 1.
|Bet Type||Odds of Winning (European)||Odds of Winning (American)||Payout|
|Straight-Up Bet||1 in 37||1 in 38||35 to 1|
|Split Bet||2 in 37||2 in 38||17 to 1|
|Street Bet||3 in 37||3 in 38||11 to 1|
|Corner Bet||4 in 37||4 in 38||8 to 1|
|Line Bet||6 in 37||6 in 38||5 to 1|
|Column Bet||12 in 37||12 in 38||2 to 1|
|Dozen Bet||12 in 37||12 in 38||2 to 1|
|Even-Money Bet||Almost 50%||Slightly lower due to zero||1 to 1|
Online Roulette Etiquette:
Remember that you are sharing the virtual table with other online players. Respect is an all-round gambling etiquette that should be adhered to at all times in online roulette platforms. Be polite and considerate in your interactions, even if it's through chat. If the online casino offers a chat feature, use it thoughtfully. Avoid spamming, offensive language, or disrupting the gaming experience of others.
Offline (Brick-and-Mortar) Roulette Etiquette:
Wait Your Turn! When playing at a physical roulette table, wait for your turn to place bets. Do not reach across the table or interfere with other players' bets. Also stack your chips neatly in front of you to make it easier for the croupier to distinguish your bets. It's customary to tip the croupier when you're winning. You can place a chip or two on the layout as a tip. Another typical display of good manners is to securely place drinks away from the betting area to avoid spills. Overall, treat fellow players, the croupier, and casino staff with respect and courtesy. A friendly atmosphere enhances everyone's gaming experience.
Tips For Playing Roulette Variants Online
Benefits of Online Roulette
Playing any roulette variant, from traditional American and European roulette, to the zanier, more advanced versions, online offers several advantages:
- Convenience: You can play from the comfort of your home or mobile device, eliminating the need for travel to a physical casino.
- Game Variety: Online casinos provide a wide range of roulette variants, including European, American, and innovative options like Multi-Wheel Roulette, allowing beginner players and novices to explore diverse gaming experiences.
- Bonuses: Online casinos often offer lucrative bonuses and promotions, such as welcome bonuses and loyalty rewards, which can boost your bankroll and extend your gaming sessions.
Choosing a Reputable Online Casino
Licensing: Choose an online casino that holds a valid gambling license from a reputable regulatory authority. That is the first, key factor to check when signing up to an online casino in the US or anywhere else. Also, ensure the casino uses advanced encryption technology (e.g., SSL) to protect your personal and financial information. Look for security certifications or seals on the website.
We also always recommend checking payment Options. Opt for a casino that provides secure and diverse payment methods. Reputable casinos offer options like credit cards, e-wallets, and bank transfers.
Responsive customer support via multiple channels like live chat, email, or phone is also key to a reputable online casino site.
Responsible Gambling Tools are increasingly vital and any casino worth its salt will have a collection of gambling tools available, like self-exclusion, deposit limits, and time-out options to help you manage your gaming responsibly.
Live Dealer Roulette
Live dealer roulette is a world unto itself. The variety of game variants, across Live Dealer software providers and studios like Evolution. Pragmatic, Authentic, Onair, Playtech and many others, offers players a vast choice of games to choose from, like Lightning Roulette and Roulette XL from Authentic. When signing up to a new online casino, check that the casino has the top Online Casino providers available.
Roulette Game Variants Frequently Asked Questions
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the main differences between American, European, and French roulette?
American Roulette: It has a wheel with 38 pockets, including 0 and 00. The presence of the double zero increases the house edge, making it 5.26%. The bets are placed on the layout with two green zero pockets.
European Roulette: This version has a wheel with 37 pockets, including a single green zero. The absence of the double zero lowers the house edge to 2.70%. The layout is similar to American roulette, but with one fewer zero.
French Roulette: French roulette also has 37 pockets, with a single green zero. It offers the "La Partage" and "En Prison" rules, which can reduce the house edge to 1.35% under certain conditions. The layout is slightly different, and bets often have their names in French.
Are there any strategies that work best for American roulette, considering the double zero?
Due to the double zero in American roulette, the house edge is higher than in European or French roulette. Strategies like the Martingale and Fibonacci can be riskier because of the increased house edge. Focus on bets with lower house edges, such as even-money bets (e.g., red/black or odd/even), to minimize risk. Also, be cautious with bet sizes and maintain a strict bankroll management strategy to mitigate potential losses.
What's the advantage of playing roulette online over traditional casinos?
Online roulette allows you to play from anywhere, anytime, without the need to travel to a physical casino. Online casinos also offer a wider range of roulette variants, betting limits, and customization options. Frequent Casino bonuses and promotions are a big plus too, which can boost your bankroll and extend your gameplay.
Which roulette variant pays more?
French roulette can offer the best payouts due to its player-friendly rules like "La Partage" and "En Prison." These rules reduce the house edge to 1.35% under certain conditions, making it more favorable for players seeking better odds. However, payouts for specific bets remain consistent across all roulette variants.